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Ethiopia Population
 
 
 

General

The population of Ethiopia in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 70,678,000, which placed it as number 17 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 44% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 99 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 2.46%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 93,845,000. The population density in 2002 was 61 per sq km (159 per sq mi). The area of greatest density is the High Plateau, with more than 70% of the population.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 18% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Addis Ababa, had a population of 2,534,000 in that year. Other urban centres include Dire Dawa, Dese, Harer, Jima, Nazret and Gonder. Ethiopia's next census is slated for 2004. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 5.0%.

The prevalence of AIDS/HIV has had a significant impact on the population of Ethiopia. The UN estimated that 6.5% of adults between the ages of 15-49 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2001. The AIDS epidemic causes higher death and infant mortality rates, and lowers life expectancy. Life expectancy in Ethiopia is 45 years.

Overview

Population
85,237,338
note estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years 46.1% (male 19,596,784/female 19,688,887)
15-64 years 51.2% (male 21,376,495/female 22,304,812)
65 years and over 2.7% (male 975,923/female 1,294,437) (2009 est.)

Median age
total 16.9 years
male 16.6 years
female 17.2 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate
3.208% (2009 est.)

Birth rate
43.66 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate
11.55 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

Net migration rate
-0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note repatriation of Ethiopian refugees residing in Sudan is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese, Somali and Eritrean refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2009 est.)

Urbanisation
urban population 17% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanisation 4.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)


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